3 feite oor die gebruik van Wees in gespanne (hede, verlede en toekoms)


Verbs are mainly divided into two types- principal verbs, and helping verbs. Let us discuss how “to be verbs” are used in various tenses.

The “to be verb’’ can be used to construct sentences as both an auxiliary verb and the main verb. This type of verb falls into the category of an irregular verb. The irregular verbs comprise am, is, are, was, and were. There are also been and being used in different tenses

Now, we are going to learn the usage of the term “be” in various tense forms along with related examples and detailed explanations.

Be in the present tense.

The actions that are performed in the present moment or are happening now are under the present tense. Let us discuss the way “to be verbs’’ act in the teenwoordige tyd.

The forms of “to be verbs’’ am, is, are, is being, am being, and are being, has been, have been can be applied in the present tense to make sentences. 

When can we apply “to be verb’’ in the present tense?

Tye of present tenseWhen to use “be” in the present tense
1. Present indefinite tenseWe use the verb “be” in the simple present tense with am/is/are to mention any person, any object, or any idea of being in a general sense.
2. Present continuous tenseThe verb “be” is used along with the present participle form of the main verb in the present continuous tense to indicate an ongoing action at the present moment.
3. Present perfect tenseWe apply the verb “be” in the present perfect tense with the past participle form of the main verb to show an action that has already been completed with its result now.
4. Present perfect continuous tenseWe use the verb “be” along with the present participle form of the main verb to show an action that is in progress for a period of time at the present moment.
When to use “be” in the present tense

Sentence formation and structure of “be” in the present tense-

Forms of present tenseSentence formation of “be”
1. Simple present tense/ Present indefinite tenseSubject + am/is/are +object
2. Present progressive tense/ Present continuous tenseSubject + am/is/are +present participle of the main verb + object
3. Hedendaagse volmaakte tydSubject +has/have + past participle of verb + object
4. Present perfect continuous tenseSubject + has been/have been + present participle of verb + object
Sentence formation and structure of “be” in the present tense

Examples of “be” in the present tense-

Vorm van tydvoorbeeldVerduideliking
1. Simple present tense/ Present indefinite tenseMy parents are delighted with the news that my brother has scored a century in the match.The verb “to be verb’’ that is used here is are. The action shows my parents’ happiness after coming to know about my brother’s scoring a century in the match.
2. Present progressive tense/ Present continuous tenseSuman is being helped by his friends to work out the sum.The “be’’ verb “being’’ is applied in its present participle form as a helping verb to frame a present progressive tense in the passive voice.
3. Hedendaagse volmaakte tydLalita has been assisted by her brother to carry the load during their journey.Here the “to be verb’’ has been is inserted to frame a sentence showing the present tense. It is applied in the passive form that shows Lalita has been assisted by her brother in carrying the load.
4. Present perfect continuous tenseHe has been trying to do the homework for three hours.The usage of the “to be verb’’ has shown its activity in the present perfect progressive tense.
Examples and explanations of “be” used in the present tense

Be in the past tense.

The action of the previous moments offers us the usage of the verlede tyd

We use “to be verb’’ was, were, was being, were being, and had been in the past tense to make sentences in their various forms. We must maintain the forms of the main verbs as well while framing sentences using them.

When can “to be verb’’ be used in the past tense?

Type of past tenseWhen to use “be” in the past tense
1. Past indefinite tenseWe use the verb “be” in the past indefinite tense with was/were to frame a sentence in the simple past tense to show of being of something or someone in a general sense.
2. Past continuous tenseWe can use the verb “be” in the past continuous tense with was/were with the present participle form of the main verb to show an ongoing action of the past.
3. Verlede volmaakte tydThe verb “be” is used in the past perfect tense with had been to frame a passive voice in the past perfect tense to show an action that was completed in the past.
4. Past perfect progressive tenseWe can use the verb “be” in the form had been to make a sentence in the past perfect continuous tense to show an action that was continuing for a period of time in the past.
When to use “be” in the past tense

Sentence formation and structure of “be” in the past tense-

Type of past tenseSentence formation and structure of “be”
1. Eenvoudige verlede tyd/ Verlede onbepaalde tydSubject + was/were +object
2. Verlede progressiewe tyd/ Verlede kontinue tydSubject + was/were +present participle of the main verb + object
3. Verlede volmaakte tydSubject +had + past participle of main verb + object
4. Past perfect progressive tenseSubject + had been + present participle form of main verb + object
Sentence formation and structure of “be” in the past tense

Examples of the usage of the “be’’ in the past tense-

Vorm van tydvoorbeeldVerduideliking
Simple past tense/ Past indefinite tenseYou were kind enough to stand by me in my great trouble.Here the usage of the “to be verb’’ were shows its function in framing a simple past tense. We see the application of “were’’ as a principal verb here that indicates the retaining of its meaning.
Past progressive tense/ Past continuous tenseThe boys were swimming in the river on a hot summer day.We see in this present sentence the usage of the “to be verb’’ were in making a past continuous tense form. It shows that the boys were having a swim in the river on a hot summer day.
Verlede volmaakte tydHad you ever been helped by anyone to execute your duty?The “to be verb’’ had been’’ is applied here to frame a sentence in the past perfect tense in the passive sense. We get to know that you are asked whether you had been helped to perform your duty by someone.
Past perfect progressive tenseBarun had been doing the English grammar for two hours before the teacher came.The example provides us with the usage of “had been’’ in the past perfect progressive tense which refers to the meaning Barun had been reading English for a period of time before his teacher’s arrival.
Examples and explanations of “to be verb” in the past tense

Be in the future tense.

The activities that will be done or will be kept on referring to the future tense. Let us check how the “to be verb’’ acts in the toekomstige tyd.

We are capable of using “to be verbs’’ shall be, will be, shall have been, and will have been in the future tense to frame sentences in their different forms.

When can we use “to be verb’’ in the future tense?

Type of future tenseWhen to use “be” in the future tense
1. Future indefinite tenseThe verb “be” is used in the form shall/will be in the future indefinite tense to show someone, something, or some idea of being in the future in a general sense.
2. Future continuous tenseWe use the verb “be” with the form shall/will be with the present participle form of the main verb to show an action that will be in progress in the future tense.
3. Toekomstige volmaakte tydWe can use the verb “be” in the future perfect tense in the form shall/will have with the past participle form of the main verb to show an action that will be completed before another action in the future.
4. Future perfect progressive tenseThe verb “be” is used in the future perfect tense in the form shall/will have been with the present participle form of the main verb to show an action that will be continuing for a period of time.
When to use “be” in the future tense

Sentence formation and structure of “be” in the future tense-

Form of future tenseSentence formation and structure of “be”
1. Eenvoudige toekomstige tyd/ Toekomstige onbepaalde tydSubject + shall be/will be +object
2. Future progressive tense/ Future continuous tenseSubject + shall be/will be +present participle of the main verb + object
3. Toekomstige volmaakte tydSubject + shall/ will have + past participle of verb + object
4. Future perfect progressive tenseSubject + shall/ will have been + present participle form of main verb + object
Sentence formation and structure of “be” in the future tense

Examples of the usage of “be’’ in the future tense-

Form of future tensevoorbeeldVerduideliking
1. Eenvoudige toekomstige tyd/ Toekomstige onbepaalde tydThe romantic song will be sung by the girl in the cultural function organized by the school. Here we have seen that the “to be verb’’ will be is applied to make a sentence in the simple future tense. We get to know that it has been used in the passive voice i.e. a song will be sung by the girl in the future.
2. Toekomstige progressiewe tyd/ Future continuous tenseMy mother will be cooking a nice dish for me on my birthday.The usage of the “to be verb’’ will be has shown that is applied in the future continuous tense referring to an action that will be kept on. It offers that my mother will be working in the kitchen to prepare some dishes for us.
3. Toekomstige volmaakte tydWill the other payers have been trained by the coach before I arrive on the field?Here the “to be verb’’ will have played shows its usage in the future perfect tense in the form of a question.
4. Future perfect progressive tenseThe dancers will have been dancing on the stage for some time before their trainer arrives on the stage.In the cited sentence, the “to be verb’’ is applied to frame a sentence in the future perfect progressive tense to show that Sana will have been performing dance perform on the stage for a certain time before the trainer comes there.
Examples and explanations of “to be verb” in the future tense

Gevolgtrekking

The article will provide us ample evidence on the usage of “to be verb’’ in various forms of tense. The different forms used in the sentences are enough for us to learn their correct usage.

Goutam Datta

Hi.... ek is Goutam Datta. Ek het 'n dubbele MA in Engels en B. Ed. Ek is 'n kreatiewe skrywer. Tans is ek deel van die LambdaGeeks. Kom ons koppel deur LinkedIn-https://www.linkedin.com/in/goutam-datta-9824b5249

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