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Adverbial conjunctions otherwise known as conjunctive adverbs are adverbs that also do the work of a conjunction by connecting and linking words, phrases, sentences or clauses.

The word “still” is a conjunction, to be more particular and specific, it is an adverbial conjunction, which not only connects the clauses but also modifies the action word, describing word or another adverb in the clauses.

This article will elaborate on the usage of the word “still” as an adverbial conjunction.

When is “still” a conjunction

We already know that “still” can be a conjunction since it falls under the conjunctive adverb category. We shall here see when (at what places) it is a conjunction.

The word “still” will be a conjunction (adverbial conjunction) when it connects two clauses into a single sentence by stating that despite an action or a state of being in the first clause, the action in the second clause is occurring or happening.

Example: Rajesh himself is not very wealthy; nog steeds, he always helps those who ask for help.

Clause 1: Rajesh himself is not very wealthy

Clause 2: still, he always helps those who ask for help

In bogenoemde sin, "steeds" funksioneer as 'n conjunction (adverbial conjunction) en joining the two clauses into a single sentence. Die gebruik van "steeds" wys dit vir ons despite not being very wealthy, Rajesh helps the people who ask for help.

How is “still” a conjunctive adverb

Here let us find out the reason why the word “still” is not just a normal conjunction, but a conjunctive adverb.

“Still” is a conjunctive adverb while connecting two clauses, as it introduces the second clause in a way it modifies the action word (verb) in the first clause. Any word that modifies the verb in the clause as well as connects or joins the clauses can be regarded as a conjunctive adverb.  

Example: Viransh is not feeling well; nog steeds, he wants to go to school.

Clause 1: Viransh is not feeling well

Clause 2: still, he wants to go to school (adverbial modifier)

Hier, "steeds" is 'n byvoeglike bywoord want dit is linking both the clauses together and also is telling us that despite the state of being (is not feeling well) of Viransh (in the first clause), he wants to do another action (go to school) in the second clause. In this way, the second clause, which is introduced with "steeds" becomes an adverbial modifier of the first clauses’ action word or state of being (is not feeling well).

Examples of “still” as conjunction

For a better understanding let us explore a few examples of “still” used as adverbial conjunctions.

The table below consists of a lit of example sentences in which the word “still” is utilized as adverbial conjunction.

voorbeeldeverduidelikings
1. We tried out best; nog steeds, we were not able to convince him.Clause 1: we tried out best
Clause 2: still, we were not able to convince him

“Still”, hier is 'n bywoordelike voegwoord want dit is verbind the clauses by telling us despite “we” trying best, “he” could not be convinced.
2. The basketball team played well; nog steeds, they could not defeat their opponent team.Clause 1: the basketball team played well
Clause 2: still, they could not defeat their opponent team

“Still”, hier is 'n bywoordelike voegwoord soos dit is aansluit the clauses by conveying to us though the team played well, they were not able to defeat their opponent.
3. Gagana lodged a complaint regarding the power cut last evening; nog steeds, it has not yet been resolved.Clause 1: Gagana lodged a complaint regarding the power cut last evening
Clause 2: still, it has not yet been resolved

“Still”, hier is 'n bywoordelike voegwoord want dit is verbind the clauses by telling us even though Gagana complained last evening regarding the power cut, till now it is not solved.
4. Piyaali prepared well for the declamation; nog steeds, she was feeling nervous and diffident.Clause 1: Piyaali prepared well for the declamation
Clause 2: still, she was feeling nervous and diffident

“Still”, hier is 'n bywoordelike voegwoord because it is used to sluit the clauses by conveying to us despite having prepared well, Piyali was not feeling confident.
5. It was not raining; nog steeds, she carried an umbrella in her bag.Clause 1: it was not raining
Clause 2: still, she carried an umbrella in her bag

“Still”, hier is 'n bywoordelike voegwoord as it is used to skakel the clauses by conveying to us though there were no rains she was having an umbrella in her bag.
Examples of “still” as conjunction

In all the above sentences, we saw that the word “still” is connecting two clauses that are contrasting from each other. It is used to show the contrast in ideas between both the clauses.

When is “still” not considered as conjunction

The word “still” can function as a conjunction only when it is linking words, clauses or sentences. Let us here see, when “still” is not functioning as a conjunction.

The word “still” is not considered as a conjunction when it takes up the roles of other parts of speech such as noun, adjective, verb and adverb. Depending upon the context in which the word “still” is used, it’s part of speech differs.

Example: When we were playing dark room, all of us stood steeds, to escape from the catcher.

In bogenoemde sin, die woord "steeds" is nie 'n voegwoord nie since it is not used as a connector here. Die woord "steeds" word gebruik as 'n bywoord here, since it is modifying the action word (verb) “stood”, deur ons te vertel how “we” stood.

Examples of “still” not considered as conjunctions

With the aid of examples, let us here find out how the word “still” is used as different parts of speech other than conjunction.

The table below contains a list of example sentences where the word “still” is not used as conjunctions, but as other different parts of speech.

voorbeeldeGebruikverduidelikings
1. Die nog steeds that she took in the mountain top has come out really well.Word gebruik as 'n naamwoord.Die woord “still” in this sentence is a selfstandige naamwoord soos dit benoem word an object “a photograph”.
2. Die moeder stilgemaak the child’s cry by patting her on the back.Word gebruik as 'n werkwoord.In hierdie sin, die woord "steeds" is used an aksiewoord (werkwoord) as “stilled” here means clamed, pacified, soothed.
3. Die nog steeds river looks amazing in the winter.Word gebruik as 'n byvoeglike naamwoord.Hier, die woord "steeds" funksioneer as 'n adjektief, since it is giving us more information (describing) about the noun “river”.
4. When you are acting like a tree, stand nog steeds, don’t move.Word gebruik as 'n bywoord.In hierdie sin, die woord "steeds" is taking up the role of an bywoord aangesien dit die aksiewoord wysig (verb) “stand” by telling us how to stand.
Examples of “still” not considered as conjunctions

Gevolgtrekking

This article clearly explains how and why the word “still” is not regarded as a simple conjunction but a conjunctive adverb or an adverbial conjunction.

Sowndharya Jagadeeswaran

Hi...ek is Sowndharya Jagadeeswaran. Ek het my meestersgraad in Engelse letterkunde gedoen. Nuuskierig soos ek is, het my belangstelling in aksie-georiënteerde navorsing my gehelp om navorsingsartikels in gerekende joernale te publiseer. Nou, as 'n loopbaan, is ek 'n instrukteur waar ek jong en pragtige studente die ingewikkelde tegniese aspekte van Openbare Rede en Kreatiewe Skryfkuns leer. Ek geniet dit ook om artikels te skryf oor onderwerpe waarin ek spesialiseer en waarin ek navorsing doen. Jy kan met my kontak maak deur LinkedIn.-https://www.linkedin.com/in/sowndharya-j-972378233

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