Adjective and noun are quite different from each other as they perform distinct functions. This article will help to find whether “lonely” is an adjective or a noun.
Die woord “lonely” is an adjective. Words which describe, qualify, modify, quantify, demonstrate or even interrogate people, animals, things, ideas or places (noun phrases or nouns) are known as adjectives. The word “lonely” generally means being alone.
We shall understand when and why the word “lonely” is an adjective with different facts and suitable examples.
When is “lonely” an adjective?
We are now certain that the word “lonely” can be an adjective. But we should also know at what instances it is an adjective which we will get to know here.
The following table will help us to get to know the situations when the word “lonely” acts as an byvoeglike naamwoord.
|Situations When “Lonely” Is An Adjective||voorbeelde||verduidelikings|
|1. When used to modify humans (person / people) who are alone and sad with no companions and friends||Die eensaam girl has been sitting in the park chair for a long time now.||In hierdie sin, die woord “lonely” is describing the naming word ‘girl’ (a person) by telling to us that she is a girl who has no friends and she was sitting alleen in the park chair for a long time.|
Since it is giving additional details about a person (girl), die woord “lonely” can be regarded as an adjektief hier afgelaai word.
|2. When used to qualify situations or times when there is no one and hence spent alone||The nights that I spent in New York were all eensaam.||In hierdie sin, die woord “lonely” is besig om die selfstandige naamwoord te wysig ‘nights’ (a time) by revealing to us that the nights in New York were spent by ‘I’ all alone without anybody.|
Since it is providing us additional information about a time (nights), die woord “lonely” here can be regarded as an byvoeglike naamwoord.
|3. When used to describe places that are isolated or deserted||I would prefer to go to a eensaam beach for my vacation.||In die gegewe sin, die woord “lonely” kwalifiseer die naamwoord ‘beach’ (a place) by telling to us that for vacation, ‘I’ would like to go to an isolated beach with no people around|
Since it is providing supplementary details about a place (beach), die woord “lonely” can be considered as an adjektief hier afgelaai word.
Is “lonely” a descriptive adjective?
Adjective is an umbrella term for all the words that modify nouns. However, there are different types of adjectives. Let’s find if “lonely” is a descriptive adjective.
The word “lonely” is a descriptive adjective. Adjectives that describe the naming words (nouns / noun phrases) by attributing their nature, behavior, states of mind, characteristic features or appearances such as color, shape, size are descriptive adjective.
Example: Sudha likes to travel to the eensaam country sides.
In hierdie sin, die woord “lonely” is performing the function of an byvoeglike naamwoord. Die naamwoord “lonely” is besig om die naamwoord te wysig ‘country sides’ (place). Since the word “lonely” is telling to us about the isolated, deserted, and uninhabited nature of the country sides to which Sudha likes to travel, it is a beskrywende byvoeglike naamwoord.
When is “lonely” a descriptive adjective?
The word “lonely” is a descriptive adjective when it tells us the nature of a person, animal, time or a place of being alone, lonesome, reclusive or desolate, thereby modifying or qualifying the naming word.
Let us now peruse through the following examples in the table below in order to get a clear picture about when the word “lonely” acts as a descriptive adjective.
|voorbeelde||Usage Of “Lonely” As A Descriptive Adjective|
|1. Vaghul feels eensaam when there is no one at home.||In hierdie sin “lonely”, die predicate descriptive adjective is modifying the naming word in the subject ‘Vaghul‘, a person, by telling us the lonesome state of being of Vaghul when there is no one at home.|
|2. Since Suha had no siblings or cousins to play with, she had a very eensaam kinderjare.||The attributive descriptive adjective, “lonely” in the given sentence is telling us additional information about the solitary nature of Suha’s childhood days by describing the naming word ‘childhood‘ (time period when someone is a child).|
|3. We stopped by the eensaam brook to enjoy some moments with nature and silence.||Die beskrywende byvoeglike naamwoord “lonely” here in the given sentence is describing the naming word ‘brook’ (a place), by telling us supplementary information about the isolated, and desolate nature of the stream (brook).|
|4. Die eensaam little girl seldom speaks to someone as she mostly stays inside her house.||“Lonely”, the subject descriptive adjective, in this sentence, is used along with yet another adjective ‘little’ to qualify the naming word in the subject ‘girl’ (a person), by revealing to us that the girl is alone with nobody as companions and friends and she rarely speaks to people.|
|5. Die eensaam cottage near the hill side is the best place to rekindle the artist in you.||The subject descriptive adjective, “lonely” in this sentence is providing us with extra details about the naming word ‘cottage’ (a place) in the subject. Hence, it modifies the subject noun ‘cottage‘ by telling us the uninhabited and unfrequented nature of it.|
|6. I still remember the eensaam evenings I spent in my New York apartment.||“Lonely”, the attributive descriptive adjective is qualifying the naming word ‘evenings’ (time) which is located right after it. “Lonely”, here is telling us about the lonesome, companionless evening that ‘I’ spent in his/ her apartment in New York.|
|7. Die eensaam journey to the spiritual places will definitely teach you some life lessons.||The subject descriptive adjective “lonely” in this sentence is modifying the naming word ‘journey’ (a situation) in the subject by telling us the companionless nature of the journey to the spiritual places that will teach life lessons.|
Is “lonely” a noun?
We should know that some words can act as more than one part of speech at different places and situations. We shall find out whether “lonely” can act as a noun.
“Lonely” is not a noun as it does not name a person, place, thing, animal or an abstract idea. ‘Loneliness’ is a selfstandige naamwoord as it names the abstract feeling of being sad as one has no company or friends however, “lonely” is the adjective form of noun “loneliness” describing the state of mind of a noun.
|1. Vishal has become eensaam after his wife and children left him.||Die woord “lonely” hier afgelaai word is nie 'n selfstandige naamwoord nie soos dit is not doing the work of naming any person, place or thing. It is an adjektief want dit is used to describe the noun ‘Vishal‘, by providing us extra details about how isolated and lonesome Vishal has become after his wife and children left him.|
|2. Eensaamheid has affected Siddhu so much that he has become an introvert.||In hierdie sin, die woord “loneliness” is a noun, want dit is naming the abstract feeling of Siddhu being sad, depressed and alone.|
Hence, the word “lonely” is solely an adjective that qualifies a naming word and does not take up the role of any other part of speech in any situations.