Silver is considered to be one of the important malleable metals that conducts electricity. Let us explore whether it conducts electricity.
silwer conducts electricity because of the presence of charge carriers. The composition of silver metal consists of two stable isotopes silver-107 and silver-109 which acts as the major component that helps in the conductivity, it has the highest electrical conductivity compared to other metals.
The metallic bond present in silver enhances its chances of conduction. Let us further discuss how, why, and when silver conducts electricity along with its properties, structure, and bonding in this article.
Is silver a good conductor?
The conducting property is an important aspect of metal. Let us study in detail the conducting property of silver.
Silver is a good conductor of both heat and electricity and it cannot perform as an insulator. The main reason behind the conduction is the presence of free valence electrons that perform as the charge carriers and helps in the transfer of electricity depicts silver acting as a conductor.
What is the electrical conductivity of silver?
Electrical conductivity gives the measure of the capacity of a metal to carry electric current. Let us understand in detail the electrical conductivity of silver.
The electrical conductivity of silver is found to be 6.3 x 107 Siemens per meter. Silver is considered a transition metal and is found to be solid at normal room temperature. Besides this, the electrical wires prepared by using silver will have higher conductivity.
How does silver conduct electricity?
Silver is used in preparing technology-based components. Let us know the process of conduction of electricity of silver in detail.
Silver conducts electricity by the presence of movable free electrons and the presence of those electrons in the metallic bonding which contains more than two outer electrons that move from one silver atom to another silver atom when acted upon by external factors.
Is silver best conductor for electricity?
All the good conductors of electricity have the ability to carry charges fastly. Let us concentrate on the aspect of silver regarding it.
Silver is the best conductor of electricity that has the highest electrical conductivity because of is its valence electrons and crystal structure with higher number of movable atoms.
Structure and bonding of silver
The bonding and structure of the silver metal is the main aspect that generates its properties. Let us understand in detail, the structure and bonding of silver.
- Structure – Silver is a face-centered cubic rooster structure with an atomic no Ag= 47. The atomic radius of silver is about 172 pm
- Bonding – Silver mainly forms metallic bonds and covalent bonds. The ions of the silver metal always carry a charge of +1. It reacts with oxygen, nitrate, chloride, and fluoride to form a silver oxide, silver nitrate, silver chloride, and silver zinc fluoride respectively.
Properties of silver
Silver has many good properties that makes it to stand ahead compared to other metals. Let us concentrate on the important properties of silver.
- The density of silver is found to be 10.49 g/cm³
- The boiling point and melting point of silver is around 2212℃ and 960.8℃
- The electrical conductivity of silver metal is about 6.3 x 107 siemens per meter
- Silver is generally is found to be in the white, soft, and lustrous form
- The atomic number of silver is 47 and its oxidation state is +1, +2, +3
- Silver is found to be in solid or in crystalline structure at room temperature
- Silver has a specific gravity value approximately found to be 10.5 gr/cm3
- Silver is a precious metal and is a good conductor of heat and electricity, it has the highest conductivity
- Silver is considered to be the least chemical reactive metal and most reflective metal.
- The thermal conductivity of silver is around 429 W/m and its electrical resistivity is found to be around 1.59 x 10-8 Ωm at room temperature
- Silver is ductile and malleable in nature and is mainly used in the production of many electronic devices
- The various silver oxides are used to prepare different materials used in daily life
- The alloys of silver are mostly used to prepare jewellery
- Silver is a face-centered cubic lattice structure and possesses magnetic property
- Silver shows resistance to atmospheric oxidation, it is the reason they are used in the preparation of coins.
Uses of silver as electrical conductor
Silver is one of the important metals that has various uses. Let us explore some of the an uses of silver as electrical conductor.
- Silver is used in printed circuit boards
- Silver is used in the production of electronic devices such as tablets and mobile phones
- Silver is used to solder components
- Silver is used to make electrical contacts between different devices
- Silver is used in the preparation of batteries and brazing alloys
- Many dental alloys use silver in its construction
Is silver a good conductor of heat and why?
Most metals come under the category of good conductors of heat. Let us concentrate particularly on silver regarding it.
Silver is a good conductor of heat and has the highest thermal conductivity in the range of 429 W/mK. The main factor that contributes to the measure of the capability of heat transfer is the delocalized electrons.
Does silver chloride conduct electricity?
Pure silver exists in a solid state at normal room temperature. To know about its conductivity let us concentrate on the reason behind it.
Silver chloride is a solid ionic conductor as the chlorine atoms conducts when diffused or dissolved in water. When a DC current is made to pass through a cell containing the solution, a layer of silver chloride deposition can be seen in the electrodes.
Does silver oxide conduct electricity?
Silver oxides are the important compounds formed by the combination of oxygen and silver. Let us explore the reason behind the conduction of silver oxide.
Silver oxides appear to be darker and are less conductive when compared to pure silver. Silver oxide has electrical conductivity of 10-3 S/m and is a p-type semiconductor that is not much favorable to conducting electricity.
In this article, so far we have discussed whether silver can conduct electricity or not, apart from this we have also studied a few questions related to its structure, properties, the reason behind electricity conduction, bonding, and why and how silver conduct electricity is covered.