3 feite oor samehang met komma: gebruike en voorbeelde


Comma is nothing but one of the most frequently used punctuation marks. This article will tell in detail about some important facts on conjunctions with comma.

Conjunctions are sometimes used with a komma, in order to indicate the presence of two or more clauses in a sentence. Voegwoorde with comma indicate a short pause, thereby making the sentence structure clearer and more understandable. 

With the aid of a few interesting facts and suitable examples let us explore the usage of conjunctions with comma.

When to use comma with conjunctions?

We already know that comma is used sometimes with conjunctions. Here, we shall get to know at what places (when) comma is used along with conjunctions.

The table below lists the places when comma is used along with conjunctions.

Usage of comma with conjunctionsvoorbeelde
1. When a coordinating conjunction is used to connect two or more main clauses (independent clauses) into a compound sentence, then a comma is used right before the coordinating conjunction that is connecting the klousules.I visited their house on SaturdayNie, maar I did not meet them.
2. When a subordinating clause (dependent clause) comes before (precedes) the main clause in a complex sentence, then a comma is used after the subordinate clause (first clause). In other words, comma is used before the main clause.Alhoewel we tried to finish the project by today, we were unable to complete it.
3. When a series or a list of more than two items are listed, then a comma is used before the conjunction “and” / “or”. The “and” / “or” is written before the last entry of the list or series.a. We ordered vegetable soup, French fries, mushroom rolls, en paneer tikka for starters.
 
b. We can paint this room blue, pink, of groen.
4. When the correlative conjunctions separate two independent clauses (main clauses), then a comma is used before the before the starting of the second clause or at the end of the first clause.Nie net does Sonali speak FrenchNie, maar Ook she speaks German.
5. When the correlative conjunctions or the conjunction phrase is present as a whole in the beginning of the sentence, then a comma is used right after the first clause or at the beginning of the second clause in order to separate the clauses.Sodra the performances were over, the results were announced.
When to use comma with conjunctions

Examples of conjunction with comma

We have already seen when and how conjunctions are used with comma. Now let us get a better understand of it with the aid of a few examples and related explanations.

The table below consists of sentences where conjunctions are used with comma.

voorbeeldeverduidelikings (Conjunctions, clauses and sentence type)Places where comma is used with conjunctions
1. I would love to come to the partyNie, maar I have lots of unfinished work at home.Conjunction: but

Main Clause 1: I would love to come to the party
Main Clause 2: but I have lots of unfinished work at home

Hierdie sin is a saamgestelde sin met two main clauses being connected with the coordinating conjunction “but”.
Hier, die komma gebruik word right before the coordinating conjunction “but”.
2. Omdat Suha was unwell, she did not attend her classes today.Conjunction: because

Subordinate Clause : because Suha was unwell
Main Clause: she did not attend her classes today.

Hierdie sin is a komplekse sin with the subordinate clause coming before the main clause. The subordinating conjunction "omdat" is introducing the subordinate clause.
In hierdie sin word die komma gebruik word right after the subordinate clause, in order to separate it from the main clause which is following it.
3. This outfit is colorful, elegant, modest, en well tailored.Conjunction: and

Hierdie sin lyste af characteristic features of an outfit.
In this sentence the komma geplaas word right before the conjunction “and” present before the last entry “well tailored” of the list.
4. Nie net was he late to the classNie, maar ook he was disobedient.Conjunction: not only…but also

Main Clause 1: not only was he late to the class
Main Clause 2: but also he was disobedient

Hierdie sin is a saamgestelde sin met two main clauses being connected with the correlative conjunction “not only…but also”.
Hence, in this sentence, the komma gebruik word right before the correlative conjunction “but also” with which the second main clause begins.
5. Eerder as buying a new bicycle, we repaired the old one.Conjunction: rather than

First clause: rather than buying a new cycle
Second clause: we repaired the old one

Here in this sentence, the correlative conjunction or the conjunction phrase “rather than” is present as a whole in the beginning of the first clause.
Thus, in this sentence, the komma is used at the end of the first clause which is introduced by the correlative conjunction “rather than”, to separate it from the next clause.
6. Alhoewel we tried our best to close this deal, we were unable to persuade the clients.Conjunction: though

Subordinate Clause : though we tried our best to close this deal
Main Clause: we were unable to persuade the clients

Hierdie sin is a komplekse sin with the subordinate clause coming before the main clause. The subordinating conjunction "hoewel" is introducing the subordinate clause.
In hierdie sin word die komma gebruik word right after the dependent clause, in order to separate it from the main clause which is succeeding it.
7. The classes ended early today, So we planned to go out for a movie.  Conjunction: so

Main Clause 1: the classes ended early today
Main Clause 2: so we planned to go out for a movie

Hierdie sin is a saamgestelde sin met twee onafhanklike klousules being connected with the coordinating conjunction “so”.

Hence, here, the komma gebruik word right before the coordinating conjunction “so” which introduces the second main clause.
8. We have to change the title of the essayVir it is not very catchy.Conjunction: for

Main Clause 1: we have to change the title of the essay
Main Clause 2: for it is not very catchy

Hierdie sin is a saamgestelde sin met twee onafhanklike klousules being joined by the coordinating conjunction “for”.

Vandaar die komma gebruik word right before the coordinating conjunction “for” which introduces the second dependent clause.
9. The play can be of comedy, adventure, thriller, of history genre.Conjunction: or

Hierdie sin lyste af verskillende genres of the play.
Hier, die komma geplaas word right before the conjunction “or” present before the last entry “history” of the list.
10. Selfs as I was speaking to her, she dropped my call.Conjunction: even as

First clause: even as I was speaking to her
Second clause: she dropped my call

Here in this sentence, the correlative conjunction or the conjunction phrase "selfs as" is present as a whole in the starting of the first clause.
In hierdie sin word die komma is utilized at the end of the first clause which is introduced by the correlative conjunction “even as”, to separate it from the following clause.
11. Alhoewel I started early from home, I missed the train.Conjunction: although

Subordinate Clause : although I started early from home
Main Clause: I missed the train

Hierdie sin is a komplekse sin with the subordinate clause preceding the main clause. The subordinating conjunction "hoewel" is introducing the subordinate clause.
In hierdie sin word die komma gebruik word right after the dependent clause, in order to separate it from the independent clause which is succeeding it.
Examples of conjunction with comma

Examples of conjunction without comma

While at some places conjunctions are used with comma, there are also places where conjunctions are used without comma. Let us have a look at them with a few examples.

The table below lists a few sentences where conjunctions are used without comma.

voorbeeldeverduidelikings
1. You are requested to stay in the class totdat you complete all your incomplete works.Hierdie sin is a komplekse sin in which the main clause comes before the subordinate clause.

Die ondergeskikte voegwoord “until” is not used in the beginning but is used in the middle of the sentence to introduce the dependent clause.

vandaar, komma is nie gebruik nie before or after the subordinating conjunction “until”.
2. I am planning to go to France en Duitsland.This sentence is just listing out the names of just two countries and not more than two.

vandaar, komma is nie gebruik nie before the conjunction “and”.
3. Rahim sang en danced with us in the class.Die voegwoord “En” in this sentence, is not connecting two main clauses, but is only connecting two action words.

vandaar, komma is nie gebruik nie before the conjunction “and”.
4. Ek wil nie net a chocolate maar ook an ice cream.The correlative conjunction "nie net ... maar ook" here is not connecting two independent clauses, but is connecting a dependent clause “but also an ice cream” met die hoofklousule “I want not only a chocolate”.

vandaar, komma is nie gebruik nie before the correlative conjunction “but also” which introduces the second clause.
5. She is talking so softly that we can hardly hear her.In hierdie sin, die woord “so” is not considered to be a conjunction since it is describing a verb.

vandaar, komma is nie gebruik nie before the word “so” as it is not a conjunction, but is functioning as an adverb here.
Examples of conjunction without comma

Gevolgtrekking

This article has thus enlightened us on how, when and why the punctuation mark “comma” is used or not used with the part of speech “conjunction”.

Sowndharya Jagadeeswaran

Hallo... ek is Sowndharya Jagadeeswaran, 'n universiteitsranghouer in MA Engelse letterkunde. Ek het ook my meestersgraad in Besigheidsadministrasie gedoen. Nuuskierig soos ek is, het my belangstelling in aksie-georiënteerde navorsing my gehelp om navorsingsartikels in gerekende joernale te publiseer. Nou, as 'n loopbaan, is ek 'n instrukteur waar ek jong en pragtige studente die ingewikkelde tegniese aspekte van Openbare Rede en Kreatiewe Skryfkuns leer. Ek geniet dit ook om artikels te skryf oor onderwerpe waarin ek spesialiseer en waarin ek navorsing doen. Jy kan met my kontak maak deur LinkedIn.-https://www.linkedin.com/in/sowndharya-j-972378233

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